More than 7.7 million people worldwide are now employed by the renewable energy industry. The total number of global jobs in the renewable sector in 2015 is an 18% increase from last year’s figure of 6.5 million, according to IRENA’s “Renewable Energy and Jobs – Annual Review 2015.” The 10 countries with the largest renewable energy employment figures are China, Brazil, the United States, India, Germany, Indonesia, Japan, France, Bangladesh and Colombia. IRENA’s research estimates that doubling the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix by 2030, would result in more than 16 million jobs worldwide. Liquid biofuels (roughly 1.8 million, up from 1.45 million), modern biomass (822,000, up from 782,000) and biogas (381,000, up from 264,000) are also major employers, with jobs concentrated in feedstock supply.
Nearly two in three registered voters (62%) support the RFS, which requires a certain amount of the fuel produced each year to come from ethanol, bio-diesel and other renewable sources that are not fossil fuels. The RFS garners broad, bipartisan support from Democrats (65%), Independents (61%) and Republicans (57%) alike. Less than two in 10 voters (18%) oppose the standard and two in 10 have no opinion (20%).
The 4.6 billion gallons of biofuels produced in the U.S. since 2005 have reduced lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions by 56.2 billion pounds – the equivalent of removing almost 5 million passenger vehicles from America’s roadways. Air pollution poses a serious threat to human health. It can contribute to and worsen lung diseases like asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema. In vehicles with older diesel engines, renewable diesel emissions have roughly 45-90 percent lower toxic emissions compared to petroleum diesel.
Renewable diesel is helping to diversify our supplies so that we’re not as vulnerable to global petroleum markets that constantly disrupt our economic stability and threaten our national security. Renewable fuels reduces our dependence on imported fuels that keep jobs and profits overseas strengthening our energy security while creating jobs, improving local economies, contributing to GDP and generating tax revenues.
Many fleet managers have found renewable fuels as a cost-effective option to comply with state and federal regulations. At a Congressional hearing, Navy Secretary Ray Mabus noted that a Naval facility had saved 13 cents per gallon by using renewable fuels, for annual savings of $30,000.
As Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus explained: “When we did an examination of the vulnerabilities of the Navy and Marine Corps, fuel rose to the top of the list pretty fast. We simply buy too much fossil fuel from actual and potentially volatile places. We would never allow some of these countries we buy fuel from to build our ships, our aircraft, our ground vehicles — but because we depend on them for fuel, we give them a say in whether our ships sail, our aircraft fly, our ground vehicles operate.”
Renewable diesel has the highest energy-in, energy-out ratio of any domestic transportation fuel. Every one unit of fossil energy used to produce renewable fuel yields five and a half units of energy. AltAir Fuel meets or exceeds all critical jet fuel specifications and has shown higher energy density in flight, which will allows aircrafts to fly further on less fuel (UOP).
A Honeywell-operated Gulfstream G450 became the first aircraft to fly from North America to Europe with a 50/50 blend of Green Jet Fuel and petroleum-based jet fuel. The flight saved approximately 5.5 metric tons of net carbon dioxide and the engine with the biofuel blend burned around 20 gallons less fuel.
Emissions from the aviation industry come from the burning of jet fuel by aircraft operations. While the airline industry has always had a very good reason for reducing the amount of fuel it uses (fuel is the largest cost for airlines), since 2008 the whole industry has refocused efforts on working together to stem the growth in emissions from the sector.
GHG emissions from green diesel were more than 80% lower than from petroleum diesel and about 40% less than from biodiesel. Green diesel produced from tallow has emissions that are greatly reduced, with life cycle GHG emissions as low as 2% of petroleum diesel’s emissions. (UOP)
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